Kalbar Operations is committed to reducing net Scope 1 and 2* greenhouse gas emissions from the Fingerboards mineral sands project to achieve a reduction in net greenhouse gas emissions of 26-28 percent below the project baseline levels by 2030. This is in line with Australian government policy. Subsequent emissions targets are to be set in line with government policy at the time. This will be achieved through a combination of:
- Establishing a project baseline
A Scope 1 and 2 emissions baseline for ‘business as usual’ operations based on the estimates in the EES.
- Best practice and benchmarking
Adopting best practice design and technology options to avoid or reduce Scope 1 greenhouse gas emissions from the commencement of the project. This will include selecting suppliers of equipment and services that have committed to reducing or eliminating their own emissions. Kalbar will benchmark its approach to industry best practice.
- Continuous improvement
Reviewing and adopting technology solutions and alternative energy suppliers through the life of the project, where feasible, to reduce Scope1 and 2 greenhouse gas emissions. These reviews will be undertaken every five years and will assess whether the project has achieved, or is on track to achieve, the project’s emission reduction targets.
- Offsetting emissions
Because there is no certainty that the introduction and use of new technology and processes will achieve the project’s emission reduction targets, Kalbar Operations commits to the development and implementation of an off-setting strategy. The strategy would be designed so that it can be scaled over time to ensure the project emission reduction target is achieved.
Kalbar will implement an energy efficiency and Scope 1 emissions monitoring and reporting system to track relevant performance metrics over the life of the project, and to inform decisions on opportunities to implement practicable measures to improve energy efficiency and emissions reduction. Scope1 emissions will be measured or estimated and reported in accordance with the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (NGER) Act.
How Kalbar Operations proposes to meet these targets
The Fingerboards project will meet the emissions reduction targets through a series of measures including, amongst other initiatives:
- Combining the purchase of electricity from the grid with additional commercial arrangements such as entering into Renewable Power Purchase Agreements (PPA) with renewable electricity generators
- Investing in emission reduction technologies, where reasonably practicable, through technological advancements (eg electrifying any mobile plant/vehicles, and/or using hydrogen-powered equipment
- In circumstances where the emissions reduction targets cannot be achieved through measures such as those listed above, make up the shortfall through acquiring offsets (such as Australian carbon credit units, certified emission reduction units under the Clean Development Mechanism, or offsets available on the voluntary carbon offsets market).
* The Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Standard classifies a company’s greenhouse gas emissions into three ‘scopes’.
Scope 1 emissions are direct emissions from owned or controlled sources.
Scope 2 emissions are indirect emissions from the generation of purchased energy.
Both Scope 1 and 2 emissions are mandatory to report.
Scope 3 emissions are all indirect emissions (not included in Scope 2) that occur in the value chain of the reporting company, including both upstream and downstream emissions. Scope3 is voluntary and the hardest to monitor.